The overall fitness and health of an individual can be determined through his/her fingernail’s health. Healthy, pinkish and smooth fingernails indicates well-being of a person, while unhealthy, weak and discolored nails can be result of improper hygiene, infections, nutritional deficiencies and other underlying health issues. The most common nail disorders are fungal nail infection, brittle nails, discoloration, onychomycosis, psoriasis, pterygium and vertical ridges. Keep on reading to get a brief info about fingernail disorders.
5 Most Common Fingernail Disorders
Fungal or Yeast Infection
Fingernail fungus infection is one of the most common fingernail disorders. This severe disease is most common among women. In this nail disorder keratin (which is the basic element that makes nail plate) is affected by yeast or fungus. In the initial stages, the fungal nail infection cause nails to go yellowish or whitish. If left untreated, the fingernail plate can detach from nail bed.
The internal growing of the skin in conjunction with the nail plate is generally described as Pteryguim. This nail disorder is generally caused by deep injury to the nails. Removal of the growing skin can cause bleeding and intense pain, so, don’t try to remove it by yourself. For treating this condition, always consult with a dermatologist who will prescribe a particular amount of cortisone medications.
The general symptoms of this nail disease are similar to eczema, that’s why many people consider it a skin problem. In this condition, the nail plate gets abnormal coloration such as red, brown or orange. Nail psoriasis can’t be treated without medical supervision.
Weak of brittle fingernails is a very common nail disorder that is caused by nutritional deficiency or excess exposure to water and harsh cleaning agents. Dehydration of nails is also a leading reason of this condition. Taking well-balanced and proper diet, decreasing exposure to the triggering factors and application of a good-quality moisturizer can help in dealing with brittle nails.
The depletion of moisture and natural oils from the nail plate can be result as vertical ridges in the fingernails. Generally the vertical fingernail ridges are considered a symptom of aging but this condition is not restricted to old persons only. It can affect any individual regardless of the sex and age. Application of nail oil and consuming the diet rich in vitamin E can help in healing this fingernail disorders.